Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro

Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro

O Jardim Botânico localiza-se no bairro de mesmo nome, na zona sul da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Uma das mais belas e bem preservadas áreas verdes da cidade, é um exemplo da diversidade da flora brasileira e estrangeira. Nele podem ser observadas cerca de 6.500 espécies (algumas ameaçadas de extinção), distribuídas por uma área de 54 hectares, ao ar livre e em estufas.

O Jardim abriga ainda monumentos de valor histórico, artístico e arqueológico, além de um importante centro de pesquisa, que inclui a mais completa biblioteca do país especializada em botânica, com mais de 32 mil volumes.
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he Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden or Jardim Botânico is located at the Jardim Botânico district in the "Zona Sul" (South Zone) of Rio de Janeiro.

One of the most beautiful and best preserved green areas in the city, the Botanical Garden is an example of the diversity of Brazilian and foreign flora. There are around 6,500 species (some endangered) distributed throughout an area of 54 hectares. The air is free and there are greenhouses.

The Garden also houses monuments of historical, artistic and archaeological significance. There is an important research center which includes the most complete library in the country, specializing in botany with over 32,000 volumes.

It was founded in 1808 by John VI of Portugal. Originally intended for the acclimatisation of spices like nutmeg, pepper and cinnamon imported from the West Indies, the Garden was opened to the public in 1822, and is now open during daylight hours every day except December 25th and the 1st of January.

The 140-hectare park lies at the foot of the Corcovado Mountain, far below the right arm of the statue of Christ the Redeemer and contains more than 6,000 different species of tropical and subtropical plants and trees, including 900 varieties of palm trees. A 750 m line of 134 palms forms the Avenue of Royal Palms leading from the entrance into the gardens. These palms all descended from a single tree, the Palma Mater, long since destroyed by lightning. Only about 40% of the park is cultivated, the remainder being Atlantic Forest rising up the slopes of Corcovado. The park is protected by the Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional and was designated as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1992.

The Botanical Garden has an important research institute, which develops a wide range of botanical studies in Brazil. The institute has taxonomists who specialize in the identification and conservation of the neotropical flora. The School of Tropical Botany has an international reputation for its scientific production: translate.google.com.br/translate?prev=hp&hl=pt-BR&am…

The gardens house collections that include bromeliads, orchids, carnivorous plants, and cacti. These include Brazil’s largest botanical library and collections of dried fruits, rare Brazilian plants, and many photographs. The painted cast-iron Fountain of the Muses was made in Derby, UK, and until 1895 was sited at Henrique Lage’s villa at Largo da Lapa, as part of the landscaping by the English painter John Tydall.[1]

The park contains 140 species of birds, many of which have become accustomed to humans and are consequently much easier to observe than in the wild. These include the Channel-billed Toucan, Dusky-legged Guan and Slaty-breasted Rail. Howler monkeys and Tufted-eared Marmosets are also frequently seen in the Botanical Gardens.

Features of interest include an old gunpowder factory, the Victoria Lilies in the Lago Frei Leandro pond, the Japanese Garden, and many sculptures and fountains.
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Der Botanische Garten von Rio de Janeiro befindet sich im Stadtviertel Jardim Botânico im Süden der Stadt. Er wurde 1808 von Johann VI. gegründet.

Auf einer Fläche von etwa 140 Hektar beherbergt der Botanische Garten ca. 6500 Arten, darunter einige vom Aussterben bedrohte. Der Botanische Garten von Rio zählt zu den zehn wichtigsten seiner Art weltweit.[1] Die Unesco erklärte ihn zum Biosphärenreservat. Die 128 Palmen der Hauptallee Barbosa Rodrigues stammen zum Teil noch aus der Zeit der Entstehung des Gartens. Neben zahlreichen Treibhäusern, Orchidarien und Rosengärten, bildet ein See mit Riesenwasserpflanzen, wie die größte Seerose des Amazonas, Vitória Regia, eine Hauptattraktion. Zudem findet man im Garten:

Casa dos Pilões, eine ehemalige Pulverfabrik (seit 1988 wegen Renovierungsmaßnahmen geschlossen)
Bromelienhaus
Treibhaus mit fleischfressenden Pflanzen (2004 erneuert)
Zoo mit über 2500 verschiedenen Tierarten
Nationalmuseum aus der Kaiserzeit

Posted by Rodrigo_Soldon on 2011-08-24 22:17:32

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